Growth Habitat: Perennial, grows 8 to 24 inches tall.
Leaves: Numerous, alternate, long, narrow leaves pointed at both ends. Pale green to grey-green color, individually connected to the stem.
Stems: Flowers grow on short stalks in dense clusters at the top of stems.
Flowers: Snapdragon yellow flowers with an orange throat and a downward pointing yellow spur one inch long.
Roots: Can penetrate 3 feet or more into the soil, lateral roots can be several yards long.
Seeds: Produces up to 8,700 seeds per plant, viable up to 10 years.
Reproduces: By seeds and rhizomes. Most vegetative reproduction is associated with lateral roots.
Habitat: Wide variety of conditions due to its high genetic variability. Disturbed, open habitats.